Advancing health through science, education and medicine

The Evolution of Medical Views on Exercise

L.M. Loughborough

Loughborough, L. N., Handbook of Health; or, A Brief Treatise on Physiology and Hygiene, Battle Creek, Mich.: Steam Press, 1868.

Definition Objective


Using the muscles increases the flow of blood through them carrying off waste or decomposed particles with nutritive particles placed instead.

Exercise helps promote the health of the body by keeping the fluids in constant motion.

Loughborough, 58, 200.

Frequency Type / Mode 

Regularly & Systematically, Daily

Loughborough, 200.

Horseback riding, walking, climbing mountains, running up & down stairs, sawing wood, planing boards, rotary motions with both arms extended while the lungs are filled with air, or carefully moving the arms back till the backs of the hands touch if possible.

Loughborough, 59.

Duration Time of Day  Intensity

4hrs for those of sedentary habits to invigorate the body & mind.

Loughborough, 201.

Morning, before commencing study, is the best time to exercise for preserving and invigorating health.

Severe & active exercise should never be done on a full stomach, nor immediately before or after a meal.  The laborer should exercise an hr. before breakfast, perform hardest labor between breakfast & dinner & work moderately after dinner.  The sedentary should exercise when the stomach is partially empty.  Evening exercise is not objectionable.

Loughborough, 123-4, 200-1.

Gradual muscular exertion.

Loughborough, 59.

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