Advancing health through science, education and medicine

The Evolution of Medical Views on Exercise

Samuel Smiles

Smiles, Samuel, Physical Education of the Young; Or, The Nurture and Management of Children, Founded on the Study of Their Nature and Constitution, London: Walter Scott Publishing, 1905.

Definition Objective

Proper physical education promotes the effects of nature in preserving the soundness of the body, whereas every part is brought up to its most perfect state, need to exercise the organs of breathing to ensure their healthy performance, every part of the body is meant & designed to be used to ensure proper growth & development, & the right performance of their functions.

The perspiration created by exercise due to the accelerated circulation & the increase in animal heat, helps purify the blood.

In “Exercise necessary for the Health & Growth of the Physical Frame” ( pp. 146-169) Exercise preserves soundness, promotes development, increase in growth & strength of bones & muscles, promotes the nutrition of the whole body, increases the vigor of brain & nervous systems, the senses become more acute during exercise, thoughts become more vivid.

Smiles, 9, 101, 120, 146, 148-50.
Frequency Type / Mode 

Allowing the child full play according to Nature, some games of children— shuttlecock, handball, ninepins, hoop and trundle, for boys, — skipping ropes and romps for girls, gardening & botanising, dancing, gymnastics.

Smiles, 156, 164, 167-8. 

Duration Time of Day  Intensity

Amount of exercise can be self-determined by children, an instinctive thing.

Smiles, 164.

© Copyright American College of Sports Medicine

Featured Publication

The second edition of ACSM’s Advanced Exercise Physiology has been substantially updated and reorganized. The text is written for experienced... » Read More