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The Evolution of Medical Views on Exercise

Nicolas Andry

Andry, Nicolas, Whether Moderate Exercise is not the Best Preserver of Health?, 1741.

Definition Objective

Exercise rouses the natural heat, dissipates the superfluous humors, corrects those that are acrid, gives agility to the muscles, strengthens the nerves & joints, opens the pores, & assists in perspiration.

Walking clears the lungs, strengthens the stomach & hinders the aliments.

Andry, 212, 218.

Frequency Type / Mode 

Swinging, hunting, shooting, riding, dancing, hand-ball, mallet, football, tennis, fencing, nine-pins, billiards, labors of peasants, sailors & porters (examples: plowing, digging, pruning, rowing, carrying of burthens), walking, wrestling, For Children: hide and seek, blind man’s bluff, the top, whirly-gigg, shuttlecock, riding on a stick, beating a drum.  Singing, reading, talking aloud, Declaiming, crying & bawling of children.

Andry, 214-6, 218-222.

Duration Time of Day  Intensity

One should stop exercising when the muscles begin to swell, breathing becomes difficult, the skin becomes red, the body sweats & is fatigued.

Andry, 224.



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