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The Evolution of Medical Views on Exercise

George Cheyne (1671-1743)

Cheyne, George, An Essay of Health and Long Life, London: George Strahan, 1734.

Definition Objective

Keeps juices from thickening, keeps joints loose, pliant & movable, nerves relaxed, fibers tense.

Cheyne, 90-91.

Frequency Type / Mode 

For flesh brush — 2x/day

For the valetudinary & studious — 2x/day, half before dinner, other before going to bed

Walking, riding (horseback or coach), fencing dancing billiards, bowls, tennis, digging, working at a pump, ringing a dumb bell, the flesh-brush, shuttlecock, foot-ball.

Cheyne,   94, 104, 107

Duration Time of Day  Intensity

For flesh-brush — half an hour, morning and evening

For valetudinary & studious — at least 2 or 3 hrs/day split before dinner and bed

Cheyne, 105, 108.

On an empty stomach.

Cheyne, 99-100

Stop exercise before down-right lassitude, depression of spirits, or a melting sweat.

Cheyne, 99-100

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